Flap T Pronunciation
When you think of how to pronounce the letter T, the first pronunciation that comes to mind would probably be the regular T. This appears in words that start with T such as “together,” “tomorrow,” and “time.” Your tongue touches the top of your teeth, then you let out a puff of air.
In contrast, the flap T sounds like a D. Your tongue would be in the same position as if you were pronouncing a regular T, but this time, your vocal cords vibrate. This is because D is a voiced sound, while a regular T is a voiceless sound. When you put your hand close to your mouth, you shouldn’t be able to feel too much air coming out.
The flap T got its name from how you pronounce it – the tip of your tongue makes a quick tap against the top of your teeth. You can think of it as a soft, light D. It resembles the D in “melody” rather than the D in “day,” which is heavier.
For example, the TT in the word “butter” is a flap T. This would actually be pronounced as “budder” in American English. Try saying it out loud both ways right now! You’ll notice that saying it as “budder” makes your accent sound more American.
Subtle adjustments like this can have a huge effect on your accent, although it’s easy for English learners to miss out on these sounds because they’re not always pointed out directly. If you’re looking for a clear, helpful resource that will show you exactly how to improve your English speaking, Creativa’s course on Mastering North American English Pronunciation has got your back. It has an entire video episode that’s all about the main T sounds in English, complete with detailed instructions on flap T pronunciation.
Beyond that, it also breaks down various aspects of English pronunciation that are crucial to sounding like a native speaker, from the schwa sound to intonation. Curious about it? Here’s a free video straight from the course.
The Main Rule for Flap T
Now that you know what a flap T sounds like, you’re probably wondering when to use it. There’s a simple general rule for that (with exceptions that we’ll bring up later): the flap T is generally used when the T or double T (TT) is in between two vowel sounds.
Here are some examples:
- Metal (“Medal”)
○ Steel is a kind of metal.
- Total (“Todal”)
○ That would be ten pieces in total.
- Meter (“Meder”)
○ Could you check the electric meter?
- Letter (“Ledder”)
○ I’m excited because I received a letter today!
- Glitter (“Glidder”)
○ All that glitters isn’t gold.
- Otter (“Odder”)
○ Otters are my favorite animal.
- Latin (“Ladin”)
○ We had to study Latin back in school.
- Utter (“Udder”)
○ They couldn’t utter a word.
- Battery (“Baddery”)
○ My phone battery isn’t working anymore.
- Waiting (“Waiding”)
○ We have to stay in the waiting room for now.
This also applies even in between words. The T could be at the end of the word, but you can still use a flap T if the next word starts with a vowel!
- What are
○ What are you doing?
- Street is
○ This street is incredibly crowded.
- Lot of
○ He has a lot of paintings in his collection.
- Thought about
○ She thought about acquiring that startup.
- Cut it
○ You can cut it into eight pieces for everyone.
An Important Exception to the Flap T Rule
There’s a catch to the rule, though – it only works if the T is in an unstressed syllable. Otherwise, if the T were in a stressed syllable, you’d say it as a regular T instead.
Let’s look at the word “meter.” When we break it down into syllables, we get: “me-ter.” The “me” is the stressed syllable, while “ter” is unstressed. Because the T in “ter” is in between two vowel sounds and is in an unstressed syllable, it’s a valid flap T.
On the other hand, the word “hotel” uses a regular T instead of a flap T. This is because the T is in “tel,” which is a stressed syllable (“ho-tel”). You won’t really hear Americans saying “hodel” – that’s a regular T instead!
Here are some words that use a regular T because the T is in a stressed syllable:
○ He’s determined to attain his goal of winning the public speaking competition.
○ It’s hard to pay attention when you’re multitasking.
○ I wonder what the best way is to retain vocabulary words.
○ Do you have a morning routine?
○ Our utility bills went up this month.